A sprain is a type of injury that occurs when the ligaments, or the tough bands of tissue that connect bones, are stretched or torn. A sprain can occur in any joint in the body, but it most commonly occurs in the ankle, knee, and wrist.
Sprains can range from mild to severe, depending on the extent of the ligament damage. The symptoms of a sprain include pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected area. You may also have bruising or be unable to put weight on the affected limb.
Preventing Muscle Sprains
Most sprains will heal on their own within a few weeks. However, severe sprains may require physical therapy or attention from a sports doctor or a joint pain doctor in Chicago. To prevent a sprain, it is important to warm up before participating in any physical activity. You should also wear proper shoes and avoid any sudden movements.
Treatment typically involves Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (RICE), as well as over-the-counter pain medications. In severe cases, a splint or cast may be necessary.
Here are the things you should do if you have a sprain:
Rest the Muscle
It’s important to rest the muscle that is sprained. This will help prevent further injury and allow the muscle to heal. Depending on the severity of the sprain, you may need to use crutches or a wheelchair to keep weight off the muscle. You should also avoid any activity that could aggravate the sprain.
Applying ice to the injured area can help reduce swelling. It is important to do this as soon as possible after the injury occurs. Wrap the ice in a towel or cloth, so it does not come into direct contact with the skin. Apply the ice for 15-20 minutes, and repeat every few hours as needed.
Compress the Muscle
Use an elastic compression bandage to help support and reduce muscle swelling.
Elevate the Muscle
Keeping the injured muscle elevated above the heart level can also help reduce swelling.
Contact a Specialist
A sprain is a serious injury and can lead to long-term problems if not treated properly. If you’re experiencing symptoms of a sprain, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. La Clinica is a trusted provider of quality medical care and can help you get the treatment you need. Call us today to schedule an appointment.